... picturesque

.. Via Pontica

during your stay


...location map







Bozhanovo is situated on Via Pontic the Roman road which follows the way of the birds.

The village existed already at the time of the Ottoman slavery and it was called Kiraamet
translated - Mr. Amet) on the name of Turk who had farm in this area.

Later shepherds arrived from the village of Kipilovo and Kotel, who make sheep-folds and breed sheep. One of the first settlers are from Yakimov and Ranks family. There lived in the village Gagauzes who have survived long as ethnic community because they neither accepted nor allowed anyone to marry and create a family out of the community. And till now they have their own customs, folklore and dialect.

According to a legend, later on when the population grows, disaster caught it- many young brides began to die in childbirth. People search for ways to rescue from this misfortune but in vain. Once in the village comes a priest named Krustou and tells them that every year on the Virgin they should make boiled mutton for health under the two existing that time large elms and they need to call the village on the name of the Mother of God. So they began to boil mutton on this special day and called the village Bozhitsa. It is said that in this way they rescued young mothers from death. It is interesting that here is buried rebel from Hadji Dimitars band and memorial is there. He came to the village Gorichane after the band was defeated and later he settled in Bozhanovo. On the plaque it is written "Stefan, the Lovech man." It is not known studies to be made who exactly is this rebel.


 Tvardica, the neighboring village also has centuries long history. Its name comes from the ancient Byzantine fortress, whose garrison was guarding the important route Constanta-Kavarna. Even today, the road passes through the village and is even used. Around the fortress, dating from IV VI century, a small village was situated, which has provided the necessary commodities for the garrison.


The village continues to exist after the conquest of the country by the Ottoman Empire, but it was renamed to Kalaydzhadere, a name derived probably because of the craft of Turkish villagers. In spite of the slavery, the village goes on prospering although it never reaches very large sizes. The first known facts about it date from 1573. After emancipation from Ottoman rule, the village was renamed to Tvardica due to the fortress called Fort.

Today there are very few clues left as local people used the carved stone blocks of the wall for construction. Remains of the fortress are hidden by dense and impenetrable forest and common findings remain ceramic objects. Near to the fortress there are three caves, one of which is known as the Kutlovitsa. According to legends it is extremely long and its second exit reaches out Kaliakra cape. Unfortunately, the fortress is also a subject of interest for treasure hunters and near to the cave can be seen deep pit that is associated with a passage. Our legitimate archaeologists will tell us one day where does this passage lead us - of course, after all the valuable artifacts are looted already.


During the period 1913-1940, the village of Tvardica is part of Romania. In 30s the brothers George and Tinyo Hadzhitinevi with a loan from Swiss bank, built a big mill and equip it with machines of the German company "Buhler". It turns the village in economic center of the region and preferable venue for Bulgarian and Romanian traders. A curious fact is that when building it, cement was used which is very rare and expensive building material at the time. The mill provides work for dozens of workers and during the communism the village undergoes an economic boom until 1984, when its owners were forced to stop business under the pressure of local communist leaders and the village quickly declined.


12 kms away from Bozhanovo the lovers of rocky shores will find the romance of Tulenovo and Kamen Bryag sites, the Nature Reserve Yailata and near the town of Kavarna (20 km) Kaliakra Cape and Dalboca Bay with its famous mussel farm. On the North of Bozhanovo, on the big island in Duranculak lake the temple of the Great Mother Goddess Cybele is situated- one of the largest prehistoric cemeteries in the world at the age of around two thousand and five hundred years. The temple is dated from the late Bronze Age (around IV-III centuries BC). There was found a figurine of Cybele - goddess who protected her tribe before other tribes and cults to prevail in this attractive place for settlement. Next to the temple are found the remains of the oldest and largest Neolithic settlement in continental Europe dating from 5250 - 3800 BC.


The lower layers of the settlements mound are very interesting which date from the beginning of V century BC. According to experts there can be studied unknown till now cultural phenomenon, referring to the first protocivilization (so called "Varna culture") in human history. Its research has to shed light on the emergence of so-called "Varna gold" - the first known to mankind trove of archaeological objects from this metal in such quantities. In the ancient settlement interesting findings were discovered - ceramic figures of idols that depict female figures, much pottery, tools, axes of antler. Some of the ornaments are interesting too - a necklace of gold, string of gold and malachite beads, anthropomorphic amulet, gold wire spiral - a head decoration probably etc.







The hosts of Rossas houses ourselves have left the city in order to live a natural and simple life, conformable to nature, seasons and local customs.

 We abstain from strong words and exaggerations and what has had attracted us to this region is just the silence and the opportunity to call the things by their authentic names or when words are not enough to leave them without names.

Through restoration we have brought
back to life two houses of praiseworthy Bulgarians who cultivated the land, enjoyed the fruits of their labor and
didnt pretend for exclusivity.


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HOUSES OF ROSSA : 2012 - 2014 : All rights reserved : design Plamen Mihaylov